More than 1 billion people of our planet are overweight. In recent years, there has been a steady increase in the number of people who are overweight, especially among the able-bodied population. Cardiologists consider overweight as an independent factor that provokes cardiovascular diseases.
Obesity is divided into primary and secondary. Primary is also called alimentary-constitutional. It is an independent disease that arises from the fact that a person simply eats a lot. The secondary develops against the backdrop of other diseases. Primary obesity is provoked by excessive appetite, sedentary lifestyle, depression, alcoholism, increase in the diet of fatty, high-calorie foods, digestible carbohydrates, eating late at night.
The effect of obesity on the development of heart and vascular diseases is a complex phenomenon. Therefore, in excess weight, not only the risk of coronary heart disease increases, but also the risk of manifestation of heart failure. The increase in body weight leads to an increase in the body’s nutritional and oxygen requirements, which ensure the work of the heart. With obesity, the heart experiences a heavy load by increasing the frequency of contractions and the volume of the blood that is pumped by one heartbeat. With further increase in body weight, the heart is covered with fat; the fat is deposited in the layers of the myocardium, hindering its contractile function. In turn, changes in the myocardium lead to the development of heart failure. Depending on the degree of increase in body weight, the size of the heart also increases proportionally. This increase can be one and a half to two times more than normal. Hypertrophy of the left ventricle (thickening of the wall of the heart) is more common in obese people and is an independent factor in the development of congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, sudden death, etc.
The blood contains fats (lipids) in the form of cholesterol and triglycerides. Obesity is associated with a decrease in the level of “good” cholesterol in the blood, an increase in the level of “bad” one, which in turn leads to heart disease and atherosclerosis.
Myocardial infarction is the result of atherosclerosis of the heart vessels. They are observed in fat people approximately four to five times more often than in people with normal weight.
Typical complaints in obese people are shortness of breath with physical exertion, reduced efficiency, short-term pain in the heart, increased blood pressure. Many phenomena associated with obesity of the heart as a consequence of general obesity are reversible, i.e. as we get rid of excess weight, the functions of the cardiovascular system will also return to normal.
Do not engage in self-treatment of obesity. Refer to the family doctor, the therapist to eliminate the secondary forms of obesity. In some cases, an endocrinologist, a psychotherapist is required. Do not starve. Use Phentermine and other drugs from the pharmacies to help the body in the process of losing weight. Sharp weight loss is dangerous for the heart, and especially for those who suffer from diabetes and angina. The loss of a large number of kilos in a diseased heart can lead to arrhythmias and sudden death. If you have heart problems, weight loss should be done only under the strict supervision of a doctor. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol, sweet fizzy drinks.