Physicians define insomnia as a condition associated with disturbances in the process of sleep or the complexity of falling asleep. Paradoxical as this may sound, insomnia in teenagers is a very common phenomenon in the modern world. Lack of sleep can lead to serious consequences:
- lethargy, drowsiness
- reduction in school performance.
It is necessary to clarify that a teenager’s dream is slightly different from that of a child or an adult. Most often, when a teenager encounters problems of falling asleep, they are because the brain cannot tune to sleep in timely manner.
Medical research claims that a special hormone, melatonin, is responsible for sleeping. Just in adolescence, the development of this hormone occurs with a delay, and this leads to problems with falling asleep. And if a stronger organism with a stable psyche is able to cope with the problem, then a teenager, worried about feelings and doubts, is more prone to insomnia.
Do not forget that a teenager needs to sleep more than an adult. Any attempts to be content with 8 hours of sleep in this age will not lead to anything good.
We have already written that the underlying causes of sleep problems can be considered physiological changes characteristic of this age period, as well as increased emotional tension and associated conditions (anxiety, stress, depression).
In addition, the following factors can lead to sleep disorders:
- wrong mode of the day. On holidays or weekends, adolescents often try not to sleep longer, because in the morning, you do not have to get up early and you can sleep well. This leads to a violation of the usual regime. In addition, adolescents think that they will sleep on vacation, although scientists have proved the impossibility of getting enough sleep “in advance”,
- excessive mental and emotional stress. After school, a teenager may have a need for rest and daytime sleep, which is normal,
- emotional overstrain, change of mood or experience. They very emotionally experiencing all events, often even hypertrophied, and these are potential causes of insomnia in adolescents,
- lack of physical activity. If all motor activity is a road to school, problems cannot be avoided. Active games, sports or at least regular physical exercises at home will help normalize sleep,
- bad habits. It’s no secret that many people discover this side of life for themselves during adolescence. Insomnia and sleep disturbances can also be caused by habits that you do not classify as harmful ones. For example, drinking coffee and energy drinks,
- improper diet. In the human body, everything is interconnected. The relationship of a diet with the sleep-wake cycle is a proven fact.
Now, as a separate cause of sleep disorders in children and adolescents, we can safely call the ubiquitous spread of the Internet. Online games, communication in social networks literally ‘drag’ teenagers. They are ready to spend all free time on it, including time intended for sleep.
It is not recommended to take strong drugs like Modafinil or Soma. If the disease is emotional, then you should make sure that a teenager meets a psychologist. Only a qualified specialist can help overcome psychological traumas and mental disorders, adjust the adolescent to stop negative emotions and maintain emotional balance.